Examples of Geographic Segmentation Definitions and Variables

Most product marketers will include at least one geographic Segmentation component in their approach.
The practice of identifying and categorizing customers into subsets based on characteristics such as need, want.
Most modern marketers use some sort of market segmentation in their approach.
That is because segmentation is extremely beneficial to any company or marketer seeking long-term success.
To explain, market segmentation is the process of identifying and dividing customers into smaller subgroups based on common characteristics such as their requirements, wants, and motivations.
These meticulously crafted segments enable marketers to make more educated and proactive decisions, such as targeting the right person at the right time with the appropriate information.
And, motivation enables PMMs to make more proactive and educated decisions about who to target with the right information at the right time.

If you’re already familiar with market segmentation, you’ll know that it comes in four varieties:

Allow us to break it down for you:

  • Geographic
  • Demographic
  • Behavioural
  • Psychographic
  • Each market segment will have its features and requirements.

As a result, the sort of market segmentation you pick is strongly influenced by what you’re attempting to offer.
For example, market segmentation should impact the purpose of the product, the brand personality, and how you interact with your target audience.

What is geographic segmentation?

Geographic segmentation separates a target market based on geography, and knowing where your potential consumers reside may help you improve sales and streamline your marketing efforts.
For example, if you sold umbrellas, you’d have a far better chance of selling them in London than, say, Dubai, where it rains 25 days out of the year on average.
This is the type of information covered by geographic segmentation: cold, hard facts.
You’d be amazed how much influence geography has on how a product marketed.
Let’s take a look at the five most important areas that may truly assist you to sell your product successfully.

Types of geographic segmentation


Location refers to more than simply a prospect’s nation; it also refers to global areas, states, counties, cities, and even neighbourhoods.
Location segmentation works well for small firms who want to focus their marketing efforts on certain regions of interest without spending a fortune.
Similarly, it works for larger companies trying to expand into overseas markets by learning what makes them tick.


Prospects’ urbanicity is determined by whether they reside in an urban, suburban, exurban, or rural region.
The term “urban” refers to cities, whereas “suburbs” refers to the region directly outside of the city.
Exurbs are locations outside of the suburbs that are closer to rural regions without really being in the countryside, whereas rural refers to areas in the countryside.
Food delivery services are an example of this type of segmentation in action; city inhabitants are less likely to require grocery delivery with stores on every corner.
But, more rural clients might profit from similar services with bigger, chain supermarkets out of reach.


Climate is an extremely significant aspect for businesses to consider.
Products designed for distinct climates are likely to be very different from one another.
Let’s take a look at the five climatic groupings, each with its subdivisions.

  • Tropical
  • Dry
  • Mild
  • Continental
  • Polar

A tropical climate divided into three types: wet, monsoon, and wet and dry.
The ideal market for an umbrella producer.

Mild or moderate climates are more typical Mediterranean climates, with hot summers and chilly winters.
Seasonal weather is significantly more predictable, making it a little simpler to advertise to.
Polar climates are another extreme that mostly affects locations around the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, and Antarctica.

The regularity of this environment makes it an easy market for businesses selling outdoor gear and heavy jackets; nevertheless, brands offering bikinis will struggle.
As you can see, climate may play a major role in Geographic segmentation.


Geographic segmentation heavily influenced by culture.
It is impacted by religion, environment, communication, and social conventions, in addition to where you reside.
Our beliefs, ideas, and identities shaped by culture.
It has a significant impact on the music we listen to, the movies we watch, and the food we consume.
If you were selling a meat product, you wouldn’t target vegans, would you?


Labelling, communication, and promotional materials are all influenced by language.
If you’re selling to a worldwide market, you must ensure that the translation is proper and does not imply something different.

Examples of geographic segmentation

Seasonal products

We touched on this briefly earlier, but let’s emphasize it again.
Seasonal items, such as thick jackets or bikinis, are mostly promoted to regional groups.
Marketing to a colder climate ensures greater sales year-round for a firm like The North Face than trying to sell puffy coats to warmer regions of the world like Australia.
In areas with more distinct seasons, these jackets would be widely advertised for a few months throughout the fall-winter and colder spring-times.

Adapting to culture

Adapting your product to accommodate cultural differences and sensitivities is always a good idea. Have you ever wondered why McDonald’s is so popular all around the world?
Because they are so good at it.
Take, for example, McDonald’s in India, where there is no meat or pork in any form at any of their 123 locations.

Instead of ground beef patties.

A McDonald’s hamburger in India is entirely vegetarian to honour both the Hindu and Muslim faiths, which are the two most prevalent religions.

Adapting to language

Another major component of regional segmentation is the adaptation of services or products based on language.
For example, a bank may provide a Spanish language choice in an area with a significant Hispanic presence, or a restaurant in Venice, Italy.
May have English and Russian language options on its menus, as these are the two languages spoken most frequently by visitors visiting the city.

Advantages of geographic segmentation

Lazer focus

Regional segmentation is an excellent approach to enhance your focus on your target audience.
By employing a geographic customer profile and, as a result, build razor-sharp marketing tactics to convert local prospects into loyal customers.

Faster market growth

If you’ve previously spent time developing a well-thought-out marketing plan based on the information.
Gleaned through geographical segmentation.
It’s a breeze to apply the same strategy to nearby markets or places with comparable geographical features.

Competitive edge

The geographical segmentation provides you an advantage in localized markets.
By enhancing customer service and increasing brand recall value, all of which contribute to higher customer retention rates.

How to build a geographic customer profile

There are a few tools that may assist you in developing an efficient geographic segmentation strategy, so let’s start with the most essential.


Surveying your target market is the greatest method to learn about them and their geographic preferences. Here are four methods for doing survey research.
Ask a random sample of your current customer base what they like and dislike about your product or service, and then filter the findings by area or location.
Use conjoint analysis to ask existing consumers to rank order product characteristics and then filter the findings by state or area.
To better understand where your messaging works best, test your messaging and marketing plan on prospective clients in multiple locations.
If feasible, survey workers in multiple states or regions to better understand how their participation influences the client experience they provide.

Sales data

Access sales statistics to learn where sales are growing or tanking in various regions.
When looking at this data, make careful to include seasonal changes as well.
You may also combine your sales data with survey and customer experience data to identify regional patterns.

Website data

Track your online traffic trends by area or nation to discover where your visitors are coming from, and whether there is a pattern.

Mobile data

You can learn a lot about your clients’ location preferences by using the app-based location service that is accessible on all smartphones.
You may also target communications based on location or zip code.

Social media

Social media data offers fantastic insights into the location and product preferences and just like mobile data.
Most social media platforms allow you to target messaging by area or zip code.


All of this seems time-consuming, and it is.
If you’re short on time, you may always outsource to organizations that specialize in assisting businesses in developing and implementing these types of plans.

Common Segmentation Mistakes to Avoid

Once you’ve formed divisions, keep a watch out for frequent marketing and research blunders.
Making your segments too small or specialized

Too-small segments will be more difficult to arrange or incorrect, and they will distract you from your goal.
An over-segmented group, like small sample size, might produce data that is neither statistically nor directionally significant.

Not allowing your segments to change

Maintain your emphasis on ROI.
If your company’s plan isn’t functioning well, it may be time to change things up.

Ignoring new potential personas

Customers’ profiles shift.
Try not to get too attached to your parts, since they will change as the mark evolves.

Why Geographic Segmentation Is Important

First, the geographic section demonstrates how geography influences customer demands and interests.
Some goods are appropriate for some locations but not for others.
Companies can offer the correct product by segmenting the market based on geography.

Second, geographical coverage has an impact on resource usage.

Local markets preferred by medium and small enterprises over foreign ones.
Aside from their restricted budget, they have a more in-depth understanding of the tastes of the clients surrounding them.
They, therefore, concentrate their marketing efforts and avoid wasting money.
Instead of utilizing a national publication, they might.
For example, target a local audience through local radio or newspaper.
How to implement your own market segmentation strategy

It’s time to put everything you’ve learned into practice.

Here are five simple stages that outline the procedure, as well as the two most often utilized techniques to lead them.

Once you’ve mastered the fundamentals and have a strong basis for your approach, branch out and make it distinctively yours.
Before you begin, think about adopting marketing automation tools to efficiently simplify and monitor your activities.
As your plan grows more sophisticated and your campaigns become larger, you’ll be pleased with the amount of time and money you saved by having everything automated from the start.

Concentrated strategy

A concentrated marketing strategy, as the name implies, is when a firm picks only one market to focus all of its time, money, and efforts on.
This technique is typically adopted by smaller firms or those who are just getting started and trying to create a reputation for themselves in the industry.
Because the plan must appeal to the whole segment, success usually observed when targeting a smaller number of individuals.
When a market sector is too broad, it becomes difficult to appeal to everyone in it.

Differentiated strategy

A differentiated marketing strategy, on the other hand, is when a firm focuses on two or more markets.
Companies who use this technique advertise their products to a wide range of demographics, just changing their wording to appeal to the variances.
Although a diversified marketing approach takes far more work, time, and money than a concentrated marketing plan.
It generally delivers greater success since there are many more opportunities for profit.


Overall, regional segmentation is unquestionably one of the most successful kinds of market segmentation for any business seeking to expand globally.
Geographic segmentation may help even local companies.
Much like demographic segmentation, it might appear clinical on its own; objective with no insight into customer personalities, but when combined with the likes of behavioural or psychographic segmentation, the possibilities are limitless.
Basically, including any type of market segmentation into your marketing plan will help the company in some manner.
The more you know your customers and the more personalized the offer you can make, the higher your brand’s chances of success and gaining those sought-after actionable insights.
That will put you ahead of your competition and catapult you to success.
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